Just a reminder that for desktop users the Zoom app we use for meetings (including meetings to discuss maintaining, fixing, or building WordPress websites) doesn’t update automatically. And at least my Mac desktop version doesn’t even remind me to check for updates.
Everyone else may have already known about this so maybe I only need to remind myself. But…
It’s not just a (probably small) security problem if you don’t occasionally update Zoom. It also means you might not get to use some of the whizzy new features Zoom adds, including possible new or improved background options, administration features, better connection times, performance improvements, and better options for audio too.
For Apple Macintosh / OSX users
For Windows users
You can find more information from Zoom’s knowlege base article, “Upgrade / update to the latest version.”
Zoom seems to update their app at least weekly, usually for minor little tweaks and fixes. That doesn’t mean you should update every week but every now and then they do offer interesting or useful enhancements.
The main thing: don’t go a couple of months like I did. I just upgraded from version 5.4-something to version 5.6. There are probably some cool things I… haven’t taken the time to look into because I thought I should write this email first. :-)
Annndddd if by chance you’d like to schedule a Zoom meeting with us here at RealBasics.com you can do so with the very latest version of the Zoom app! :-)
In a private Facebook group about WordPress speed someone asked an excellent question:
I have a question about paid templates for WordPress, e.g. Themeforest.
Is it true that cool looking templates, with e.g. animated buttons or an interesting mouse cursor, are definitely slower and less optimized than the simpler, more standard-looking ones?
It’s true that there are many genuinely awful, bloated, badly-optimized themes in ThemeForest and other “marketplace” theme retailers, though Sturgeon’s Law, which says “90% of everything is cr*p,” has a lot to do with this.
This isn’t an endorsement of ThemeForest or other commodity theme vendors, just an observation that there are plenty of agencies out there with in-house development staff to meticulously hand-code purpose-built themes built from scratch, for thousands of dollars, that also drag their knuckles on page load.
And finally, no matter how lightweight the theme, performance will crash if the customer decides to use dozens of 4000×4000 pixel, 12 megabyte PNG files in a gallery.
A bigger problem with ThemeForest-style themes is that their typical developer begins with a suite of relatively bloated and increasingly obsolete “bonus” plugins — two or three extraordinary but also extraordinarily bandwidth-intensive sliders, a certain dinosaur page builder, the oldest contact-form generator, etc. They keep using those things because a) those particular vendors offer really attractive licensing deals to developers and because b) new, mostly-DIY customers want as many bells and whistles as possible for the same low, low price.
Better themes on any platform will have demo sites. You can run performance-measuring tools to get an idea of what they’re throwing at you. GTMetrics, or the Network tool in Chrome-based browsers can help you estimate a theme’s performance before you buy.
The good news is that more responsible commodity-market developers will optimize their themes till they’re lighting fast. The bad news is that very, very few commodity-theme customers have the know-how to assess performance and so they’ll tend to base decisions on animated buttons and cool hero images in the demos.
It’s true! In 2020, 80% of websites are still using PHP, 77% use jQuery, and WordPress has 63% of content-management system (CMS) market share.
And, “worse,” the numbers are increasing. Only it’s not really “worse” at all. When you’re running a business it’s not necessarily “worse” to use common, standard technology as long as it performs well, is easy to operate, and as long as people who can support the technology are easy to find and no more expensive to hire than plumbers, electricians, or general contractors.
It’s an uncomfortable secret in the industry that sites that are custom built with more cutting-edge technologies are often very difficult and expensive to modify. The cutting edge moves very quickly, with the result that the hot development stack from just a year or two ago may now be virtually obsolete. With the result that it’s very difficult to find someone who can quickly understand and modify your site without spending hours or days reproducing the old programming environment, let alone mastering the code used to build it.
In my experience as a WordPress developer it’s often easier just to rebuild an older custom-coded site from scratch in WordPress than to wade into the old code.
For better or worse, WordPress has 17 years of practice handling updates. And for better or worse, WordPress has always had a firm commitment to backwards compatibility. And for better or worse, WordPress has had 17 years of tracking down and squashing bugs.
The comic asks what cool new web technologies will be available in 2030. I’m not promising that WordPress will still be the standard web platform in 2030. By 2030 WordPress may no longer be written in PHP! But! Chances are that for any given year in between there will be a decent migration path from “old” WordPress to “new” WordPress, just as there has been for the last 15+ years.
Analogy: is it “worse” that the number of delivery trucks and vans is growing? Not particularly — as business goes more and more online it makes sense that more businesses are delivering products to customers instead of having customers drive to pick them up. And it’s not like delivery truck technology is standing still — they’re becoming more electric, they’re getting better navigation and collision controls, drivers are becoming more sophisticated, and same with delivery scheduling and routing!
It’s the same with WordPress! As more and more people use it, it’s evolving to meet new needs.
WordPress won’t be around forever. But it will still be around in 2030.
A File Manager plugin can be a very useful tool when you need it, but you can say the same thing about a stick of dynamite! It’s not something you want to leave in the kitchen junk drawer in case you need it later!David Innes, owner of RealBasics.com
The ultra-tech website Ars Technica reported a serious problem with an already crazy-risky WordPress plugin. Let me quickly explain how to fix it:
Delete the $%# plugin File Manager plugin if it’s installed on your website!
Done? Good. Now let’s talk about why you really, really don’t want or need the WP File Manager, an FTP client plugin, or any other kind of tunnel-into-your-server plugins on your live WordPress website. (Or any other kind of website for that matter!)
Even if the plugin didn’t have coding vulnerabilities, if you can just breeze into your server configuration from your website then… so can anyone else who can get into your site! In other words, even if the code was 100% secure the feature would still be an intrinsic vulnerability.
It’s always going to be 100% safer, more secure, and probably more efficient to use your hosting company’s control panel or a secure SFTP/FTP tool to access, manage, and edit files on your server. It’ll be a separate login for one thing. For another, hosting companies tend to be waaaay more security conscious and attentive than anyone who might randomly access your website’s dashboard — with or without your permission.
Question: do I think the developers who create plugins like File Manager are bad, wrong, wicked, irresponsible, or dumb for creating inherently insecure tools like a File Manager?
No! Not at all! There are certain cases where you really might have no other way to access your file system:
- you’re locked out of your server, for instance.
- your hosting plan is so old and obsolete that their control panel is basically unworkable
- you’re a contract developer trying to debug a particular issue for a client where you don’t have access to their hosting account and you’ve determined that the problem is with a file or directory that can’t be managed any other way.
Those are all really great reasons! But! They’re all really great reasons to install and activate the plugin, and then deactivate and uninstall the plugin the minute you’ve done what needs to be done.
Want to know the real reason 700,000 WordPress websites have the FileManager plugin installed on their website?
- Because they thought they might need it later
- They (or their developer) added it because they needed it while they were setting up the website but then never got around to removing it
Those are really bad reasons. A File Manager plugin can be a very useful tool when you need it, but you can say the same thing about a stick of dynamite! It’s not something you want to leave in the kitchen junk drawer in case you need it later!
Oh yeah, and on the offhand chance you’re actually using the File Manager plugin and you don’t want to delete it? Log in to your site and update it — the update at least appears to have fixed the code vulnerability. (If not the inherent vulnerability.)
In a private Facebook group for WordPress hosting someone who’s trying to save as much money as possible asked a specific question about two hosting plans. They’d initially bought a plan from commodity provider HostGator but had been advised to switch a more premium SiteGround account. It was time for them to renew on SiteGround and they wondered if they could just go back to HostGator since it’s cheaper. (They’d never closed their HostGator account.
For some participants in that group the answer to any question (including “what’s your favorite color” will be “Cloudways” or “GridPane” or some other manager for virtual private server companies like Digital Ocean, Linode, Vultr, etc.
Being fairly new the original poster asked “thanks. Is Digital Ocean a host company?”
The rest of this post answers that question and considers the overall likely costs before getting back their actual, original question
What is a VPS and what is a VPS manager?
Digital Ocean hosts virtual private servers (VPS.) Very good, very fast, very inexpensive. Also very “bare metal.” Typically you have to setup the server as well as the website. Their support is almost exclusively related to “does the basic operating system boot and run.” If you’re comfortable doing Linux system administration then a plain Digital Ocean VPS would be a very good choice.
The recommendations above are to subscribe to a company that will setup, maintain, and monitor a VPS from a provider like Digital Ocean. Three commonly-mentioned companies that will do that for you are Cloudways, GridPane, and ServerPilot. There are a number of others. The pricing for those varies but it tends to roughly double what the base VPS would cost.
Comparing Cloudways, SiteGround and HostGator pricing
For instance the least expensive offering from Cloudways is $10/month for a single Digital Ocean “droplet.” The regular price for SiteGround’s “startup” hosting is $11/month. HostGator’s “baby” plan, which is probably the lowest you’d want to go, is about $7.00 if their 60% discount expires.
Admittedly you’ll get much better performance out of a $10 or $20/month Cloudways/Digital Ocean server, and you’ll almost certainly get better performance and more security from an $11/month starter SiteGround account. But if price is really a bigger concern than performance, then to answer your immediate question, if your site will actually run on your HostGator then that really would be the cheapest option.
Accounting for domain name registration when considering hosting prices.
As for your domain, domain names are separate from hosting the way a phone-book listing is different from a phone. The domain name is just a friendly way to point to your server’s hardware address. Moving domain registration from one company to another is relatively tedious, plus you have to pay the new registrar even if you still have time on your old one. So most people don’t bother — they just point the domain to the new server instead.
Some hosting companies will waive the registration fee if you buy hosting from them. If HostGator gave you a free registration and you drop your hosting plan with them then they’ll begin charging you their regular registration fee when it’s time to renew. So that’s another cost consideration.
Cloudways, GridPane, and Digital Ocean don’t do domain registration, so if you went with them you’d still be out the ~15 dollars U.S. for domain name renewal on top of whatever you’d be paying them. Same for email, incidentally, as none of them offer free email either. If you go with SiteGround or another hosting company you can transfer the domain over to them… but they may or may not offer “free” registration for a transferred domain.
Lots of information, I know. But, again, if you’re really scraping the barrel for cash then switching back to HostGator will save you the most money. But, again, almost certainly at the price of considerably reduced performance.
Note: While none of the links, above, are affiliate links (meaning we don’t get kickbacks or click-based revenue for linking to them) RealBasics does like, use, and recommend both SiteGround for shared hosting and Cloudways for VPS management. The links below are affiliate links, which means if you use one of those links the price to you will be the same but RealBasics will get a small commission.
- SiteGround Blue-ribbon shared hosting — very well reviewed, very well respected, innovative and responsive. Their initial 1-3 year signups are heavily discounted but we strongly feel their higher regular prices are very much worth it. Check out SiteGround shared hosting
- Cloudways.com We’re a little late to the VPS market as most of our small-business clients don’t need the kind of horsepower you can get with a good VPS. And to be honest, until fairly recently managing your own VPS involved considerable system-administration skills — something we rarely see in non-technical professions. That’s where Cloudways comes in! They take care of the nuts and bolts server security and management tasks! Another cool thing about them? Since they’re only managing servers you can sign up with a healthy array of very powerful world-wide cloud-service providers like Digital Ocean, Amazon Web Services, Linode and Vultr, and Google CloudPlatform! Unlike smaller and shared-hosting services that can “run out of room” as your business grows, with Cloudways you can scale your website to handle truly gigantic traffic. Check out Cloudways managed VPS hosting
This post is a little bit “in the weeds” for regular business owners, but this might come in handy for more adventurous do-it-yourselfers and less-experienced WordPress professionals.
On a closed Facebook group for WordPress users someone asked
I’ve never converted a Visual Composer website to [another page builder.] I imagine it is a total rebuild from top to bottom? Any ‘best practices’ to convert a site that used VC?
Rebuilding usually is the best bet with shortcode-intensive page composers, though in some circumstances the following information might be helpful. All might not be lost but it can be a bit of a pain if you don’t know where to start.
It’s never a bad idea to rebuild from scratch, since Visual Composer most often comes included in “shovelware” themes that have all sorts of other less… necessary plugins, post types, and “demo” content.
I’ve done seven or eight conversions from shortcode-based page builders or Themes (Visual Composer, Aveda, Divi.) The good news is that the shortcodes tend to come in giant chunks.
The other good news is that DIY and low-cost “professional” sites made with Visual Composer rarely use too many features. These kinds of tools tend to be complicated, so most do-it-yourselfers tend to keep it simple.
The following steps will work for converting to other page builders or Gutenberg blocks, or even plain-old classic pages. So if the site isn’t too weighed down you might try the following:
- Disable Visual Composer and any VC-related helper plugins
- Add your page builder if you’re using one
- Open a page with the editor of your choice
- All the old content will be in one giant text or “classic” module
- There will be acres of [shortcode] blocks.
- With just a little bit of practice you can figure out what’s inside the shortcodes — it’s usually an opening block, headers, images, or sometimes column blocks.
- Cut everything out that doesn’t look like real information (e.g. header text, image links.)
- Next, you’ll need to re-apply header formats and re-insert images from the Media Library. If it’s an information-only page that may be all you need to do.
- If the layout you’re copying is a little more complex you may need to add columns and edit/paste content from the main block into smaller chunks.
- If the layout also includes dedicated module content — for instance galleries, slide shows, or contact forms that are built into Visual Composer — you’ll need to re-create those with new tools.
This is useful mainly for sites with lots of simple posts or pages. You’ll usually still have to rebuild the homepage, the contact page, and other “main” pages with more complex content. But I did it recently for a site with tons of reference pages and once you know what you’re looking for it can go pretty quickly.
So another participant in a private Facebook group for WordPress users echoed something I’d said about the importance of making your own backups.
Similar to David Innes I use [a commercial backup plugin] for Scheduled backups ([cloud-based storage firm] is my choice, but there are many others)…Member of a private Facebook group for WordPress users
And a lot of people when backups have been discussed say “why should I do my own backups when my hosting company does it for me?” – my answer is trust no-one! Make sure you have reliable backups that you have 100% access to in the case of an emergency situation!
It was a great point and here’s how I followed up
Yes! Trust no one is awesome advice when it comes to backups! 😂
(Somewhat) more seriously, virtually all hosting companies do daily backups, and all the halfway decent ones store the daily backups for 30 days. That’s a welcome change.
Less welcome is that they tend to be restore-only backups, meaning you can’t download and archive them. (This makes sense because to save space and processor resources they tend to be incremental rather than complete.)
The downside of that is that after 30 days the backups evaporate. To be fair, if something goes sour pretty much anybody is going to notice within 30 days. But!
- Ransomware often takes that into account and can hold off announcing for 3 or more months!
- With modern caching (CDNS, host-based, etc.) a site’s back end can be totally snarled for weeks or (for one prospect who contacted me) months while still “working” just great on the public side.
- Oh, finally, since I do a lot of emergency-repair work (I really enjoy helping people get back online) I’ve had quite a few clients who don’t notice their hosting account has expired till it’s gone, and I’ve had two clients whose whole hosting provider has shut down and never restarted! In all those cases, server-side, and server-stored backups disappear too.
Anyway, just can’t overstate how important it is to have your own complete, restorable archives in one or more safe places (not just on the server.) Or how important it is to keep copies for at least a year, just in case.
Here’s when RealBasics makes and downloads a backup for our clients
- Manual backup before we start working on their site for the first time (stored for at least three years)
- Manual backup before we start working on their site the next time (stored for at least three years.)
- Automated daily for maintenance clients (stored offsite for about 2 weeks)
- Automated weekly for maintenance clients (stored 156 weeks, a.k.a. three years.)
Bottom line: hosting-plan backups are great. Good hosting companies do the right thing and keep 30 days of daily backups. Restoring from a server backup is almost always dead easy. And…
You still can’t ever have enough good backups!
Our standard maintenance plan includes one hour of consulting a month. In the last couple of days several maintenance clients have contacted me after receiving scary, threatening “copyright infringement” messages coming from their contact forms or other sources.
Here’s one example. Note the suspicious elements.
And here’s another, note the similar email address? Others I’ve seen are [email protected] So it’s a pattern. The email addresses may also be spoofed.
Email: [email protected]
This is Melissa and I am a qualified photographer.
I was puzzled, to put it nicely, when I came across my images at your web-site. If you use a copyrighted image without my approval, you must be aware that you could be sued by the owner.
It’s illicitly to use stolen images and it’s so filthy!
Check out this document with the links to my images you used at XXXYYYZZZ.XYZ and my earlier publications to get evidence of my copyrights.
Download it now and check this out for yourself:
If you don’t remove the images mentioned in the document above within the next several days, I’ll write a complaint on you to your hosting provider stating that my copyrights have been infringed and I am trying to protect my intellectual property.
And if it doesn’t work, you may be pretty damn sure I am going to report and sue you! And I will not bother myself to let you know of it in advance.
“It’s illicitly to use stolen images and it’s so filthy!” It’s misspellingly too! That’s actually fairly common for scammers — they’re not interested in replies from people with great English skills. Or skeptical ones. They want suckers!
Look. It really, truly, honestly is the case that you shouldn’t use other people’s images without permission on your website. And it’s true that you can be asked to take them down, and even penalized if you don’t. For that reason it’s a good idea to have some form of “receipt” for images you use — the URL you got it from, a notation that you either took the photo yourself, licensed it from a stock photo company, or with credit if you downloaded it from a free-to-use creative-commons source. You don’t have to publish the credits (though it’s always polite if you acknowledge free-to-use creators somewhere on your site.)
But it’s very nice to be able to say “oh yeah, #!%! you, I got that image legally from XYZ when someone sends you an actual legal takedown notice. Extra credit? You may be able to sue someone who sends you a false takedown notice!
Bottom line: While you might get real takedown notices if you really are using content that doesn’t belong to you, this “Melissa” character is a spammer and a scammer and you can safely ignore messages from them.
Big hats off to everyone who was smart enough to ask first before clicking that link!
It’s funny how much things have changed since I built my first website back in 1997 or so. It might have been for a hand-coded “blog” I tried to manage all in HTML (not a good idea, but WordPress and precursors like MovableType weren’t really a thing yet.) Or it might have been for an extended family calendar.
Either way they never really got off the ground. Registering a domain name “only” cost $300/year! (Down from $1,000/year!) From the only domain registrar on the planet. If you wanted to actually serve a website you had to have a computer and a static IP address… also a dedicated phone line since back then even DIY web hosting involved dialup access unless you were a really big institution. And that 283×283 pixel photo of the two of us? Back then that was daringly big!
Times have changed since 1997. My son’s now grown, out of college, and on his own! We no longer have to worry about Netscape Navigator 4.0. Or any version of Internet Explorer.
Somethings haven’t changed. For instance most people (up to 85% for some sites and almost all apps) are back to using their phones to access the internet! 😂
One thing hasn’t changed though. I still really enjoy working on websites! It never gets old.